Sweden's amended Heavy Vehicle Charge Ordinance

On the 23rd of September, 2016, the Federal Council of Sweden amended the mileage-related heavy vehicle charge (LSVA) tariffs which will be active from the 1st of January 2017. Within this decision, the shift of trans-alpine goods transport, as highlighted in the Federal Council’s report on the transfer of traffic, can be put into action.

The Swiss alpine accommodates a vast quantity of international goods transport from northern to southern Europe. Correspondingly, this number reached 39.0 million net tonnes in 2015, which is more than double the amount it was in 1981. The amount of good transported by road made a significant contribution, and in 2015, 1.01 million heavy goods vehicles crossed the Swiss Alps. Likewise, the number of HGVs to pass through the Swiss Alps almost quadrupled between 1981 and 2000. After that there has been an observed stabilisation which is attributable to the modal shift measures, such as the performance-related heavy vehicle fee (HVF) and the increase in weight limits, being introduced.

Since the beginning of 2001, a mileage-related heavy vehicle charge was required to be paid by all HGVs using Swiss roads with a laden weight of more than 3.5 tonnes. This takes into account the permissible laden weight, the miles covered and the emissions produced. Currently, there are three categories of such charges, with the lowest free category being applicable to EURO IV and V vehicles and the middle category being assigned to EURO III vehicles. In January 2017, EURO IV/V vehicles will be classified in the middle fee category and charged accordingly, and likewise, EURO III vehicles will be classified under the highest fee. There was also previously a 10% discount for EURO IV vehicles, which acted as an incentive to invest in lower emission vehicles but this will end as of the 1st January 2017.